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The Safety of Your Child

Statistics

Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death and injury for children. In cases from 1984 to 1992, in which children were fatally injured, Transport Canada found that all the deaths of infants up to 9 months old were in car seats that were incorrectly installed or improperly installed and improperly used, 37 % were properly buckled in, but the seat was incorrectly installed.

  1996 1997 1998 1999
Age Deaths Injuries Deaths Injuries Deaths Injuries Deaths Injuries
0-4 39 3,660 62 3,421 40 3,211 51 3,359
5-14 129 15,678 146 15,005 119 14,605 128 14,143

 

A correctly used child restraint will reduce the likelihood of a child being injured or killed in a crash by 75%. Car Seat Safety Check results from across Canada indicate that 4 out of 5 children are not properly restrained. Commom mistakes include:

  • Child not in the appropriate restraint.
  • Child not harnessed in the restraint correctly.
  • Seat belts not tight enough or can't hold the car seat.
  • Tether straps not used or used incorrectly.
Weight/Development Height Approx. Age Type of Child Restraint
under manufacturer's upper weight limit
(9 or 10 kg [20 or 22 lb.])
under manufacturer's upper height limit
(range 66 - 74 cm [26 - 29 in..])
birth to 9 months Infant Car Seat Used Rear - Facing Only child_seat_01
under manufacturer's upper weight limit for rear-facing
(varies with model)
over manufacturer's upper height limit of infant seat
(range 66 - 74 cm [26 - 29 in.])
3-5 months to 9-12 months Infant / Child Car Seat Used Rear - Facing child_seat_02
over 10 kg (22 lb) AND pulling to stand at furniture under 18 kg (40lb) over 66 cm (26") middle of ears below top of car seat
(approx. 101 cm [40 in.])
9-12 months to 4-5 years Infant / Child Car Seat Used Forward - Facing
under 18 kg (40 lb.) middle of ears above top of regular car seat (approx. 101 cm [40 in.]) 3-5 years SOME Child / Booster Seats Forward-facing tethered car seat (converts to high back booster for children over 18 kg [ 40 lb.]) child_seat_03
under 18 kg (40 lb.) middle of ears above top of vehicle seat or high back booster 4-8 years Booster Seat Positions the lap or lap/shoulder belt properly over child's body child_seat_04
under manufacturer's upper weight limit for booster
27 - 36 kg (60 - 80 ib.)
over manufacturer's height limit for booster sitting height is 74 cm (29in.) or more; legs bend over front edge of vehicle seat varies Seat lap belt positioned below over hips and shoulder belt not crossing face or neck. child_seat_05